Changes in bladder function, urgency and / or the presence of blood in the urine can be signs of urothelial cancer. Potential risk factors are smoking or recurrent contact with gloss paint. The majority of bladder cancers are superficial and can be easily resected endoscopically. It is important not to miss any kind of bladder cancer – once symptoms appear it is necessary to set a correct diagnosis. Time loss can have negative impact on survival, meaning the earlier diagnosed, the better outcome can be expected.
One investigation is transurethral cystoscopy, that is easily done under local anesthesia with a flexible, soft instrument. There is no reason for fear prior to cystoscopy ! Early diagnosis and treatment are most important to contain bladder function.